Student learning outcomes describe actionable, measurable goals for what students will be able to do as a result of a learning experience - the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and habits they will take with them. These intended outcomes are different from the actual outcomes that are measured through a variety of tools including rubrics applied to work and quantitative scores.
Having student learning outcomes is an essential part of assessing your teaching, because student learning outcomes communicate what you intend to do, and assessment measures what actually happened regarding your teaching and your students' learning.
|Bloom's Verb||Action Verbs for Student Learning Outcomes|
|Remember||Define, Describe, Locate, Recall, Recite, Describe, Repeat, Identify, Select, Quote, Label, Copy, List, Name, State.|
|Understand||Classify, Describe, Demonstrate, Identify, Indicate, Organize, Interpret, Illustrate, Reorganize, Translate, Paraphrase, Summarize, Transfer, Discuss, Explain.|
|Apply||Calculate, Classify, Construct, Estimate, Illustrate, Interpret, Appraise, Contrast, Criticize, Diagnose, Identify, Solve.|
|Analyze||Combine, Classify, Figure, Find, Modify, Sketch, Solve, Predict, Change, Survey, Compare, Diagram, Examine, Test.|
|Evaluate||Appraise, Argue, Assess, Critique, Defend, Estimate, Judge, Predict, Qualify, Rate, Support, Recommend.|
|Create||Arrange, Assemble, Construct, Compose, Create, Design, Devise, Develop, Formulate, Invent, Manage, Modify, Organize, Plan, Prepare, Produce, Propose, Setup, Verify.|