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INF 220: Intermediate Research Skills

This guide expands on the topics you've explored in INF: 220

Anatomy of a Scholarly Article

Matching definitions

Section  Definition
Title The title of a scholarly article is a very brief summary (a sentence or shorter) of the article’s contents. Usually at the very top of the article.
Authors The authors and their credentials appear near the top of the article. Credentials are provided to establish authority and to provide contact information. 
Abstract A summary of the article, usually under 250 words. It contains a description of the problem, an outline of the study, and a summary of the conclusions. Readers can use it to quickly decide whether to read the article.
Introduction Describes the topic or problem the authors researched. The authors will present their thesis or the research goal, and the importance of the research question. 
Literature Review An overview of related research that has already been published. It may be included in the introduction or be its own section.
Charts & graphs Scholarly articles frequently contain charts or graphs to display statistical data used and analysis done.
Methods A clear description of how study was done, why those procedures were chosen, and which statistical tests were done to analyze data.
Results This section is where the findings of the study are reported based on the information gathered and analyzed. It simply and logically states the findings, without bias or interpretation.
Discussion Interprets and describes, in plain language, the results and the significance of the findings in the context of what was already known about the research problem. 
Conclusion  At the end of the article. Authors summarize the results of their research, discuss how their finding relate to other scholarship, or encourage other researchers to continue their work.
References Listed at the end of the paper, most scholarly articles contain references to publications by other authors. Each one listed connects to a citation used in the paper. You can use them to find additional sources on the topic.


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