The key to reading a cited reference is to understand the type of publication being referenced. So, is it an article published in a scholarly journal? A book? A chapter in a book? A blog post? A video?
On this page you'll see examples in both APA and AMA citation styles. There are lots of other styles out there and if you see something here that doesn't look right remember to consult your style handbook!
Each style will arrange the parts in a different order, but each style is working towards the same goal: telling you about the source. Look for parts like, but not limited to:
|APA||Ruben, M. A., Shipherd, J. C., Topor, D., AhnAllen, C. G., Sloan, C. A., Walton, H. M., … Trezza, G. R. (2017). Advancing LBGT health care policies and clinical care within a large academic health care system: a case study. Journal of homosexuality, 64(10), 1411–1431. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2017.1321386|
|AMA||Ruben MA, Shipherd JC, Topor D, et al. Advancing LBGT health care policies and clinical care within a large academic health care system: a case study. J Homosex. 2017;64(10):1411-1431. doi:10.1080/00918369.2017.1321386.|
|Book, edition other than first|
|APA||Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (Fifth edition). Los Angeles: SAGE.|
|AMA||Creswell JW, Creswell JD. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. 5th ed. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE; 2018.|
|APA||Resnick, B. (2016, March 14). What psychology’s crisis means for the future of science. Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.vox.com/2016/3/14/11219446/psychology-replication-crisis|
|AMA||Resnick, B. What psychology's crisis means for the future of science. Vox.com. https://www.vox.com/2016/3/14/11219446/psychology-replication-crisis. Published March 14, 2016. Accessed September 20, 2018.|
|APA||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). National diabetes statistics report, 2017. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pdfs/data/statistics/national-diabetes-statistics-report.pdf|
|AMA||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). National diabetes statistics report, 2017. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2017. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pdfs/data/statistics/national-diabetes-statistics-report.pdf. Accessed September 20, 2018.|
|APA||Garza, J. R. (2015). Stressful social comparisons and daily stressors: examining their role as psychosocial explanations in socioeconomic health disparities. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/58z827t1#main|
|AMA||Garza, JR. Stressful social comparisons and daily stressors: examining their role as psychosocial explanations in socioeconomic health disparities [dissertation]. Los Angeles: University of California; 2015.|